1) How does the solar panel work:
The solar panels are made of solar panels called modules. These modules convert the sun into electricity, which is called the PV (pv) effect. It can then be used to power your electricity needs. The term "photovoltaic" refers to the power of light. ]
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2) How does the solar panel work? How does the light convert to electricity?
The sun includes small particles of solar energy called photons. The solar handle consists of a plurality of individual solar cells made of at least two layers of semiconductor material. One layer contains a positive charge and the other contains a negative charge. These materials are layers of silicon, phosphorus (providing negative charge) and boron (providing positive charge). When the pv battery is exposed to the sun, many photons are reflected, absorbed by or absorbed by the solar cell. When sufficient photons are absorbed by the negative layer (phosphorus), electrons are released from the negative semiconductor material. These released electrons naturally migrate to the positive layer (boron), producing an electric field on the surface where they meet, and the electric field causes the electrons to move toward the negative surface of the circuit they can be used. When two layers are connected to an external load, the electrons flow through the circuit to generate electricity. Solar cells will typically produce 1-2 watts of power.
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3) solar panel manufacturing components
In order to obtain more power, these batteries are connected together to produce solar panels (components) that typically hold about 40 batteries. Most solar panels have an aluminum frame on the outside, with tempered glass in front, and a battery with a strong waterproof back. These solar cells (modules) can then be connected together to form an array and then generate more power.
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4) how to generate electricity, as well as the type of solar technology today.
The construction of solar power generation systems begins with the basic composition of the solar modules that generate electricity. The batteries are connected together to form a solar panel, and the solar panels are connected to form a solar array. If this series of solar panels is large enough, it can meet the needs of the future, almost any power demand.
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5) solar energy efficiency
The efficiency of solar cells is measured by the extent to which sunlight is converted into electricity. When illuminated on pv cells, it is reflected, absorbed or will pass. Only absorbed light can generate electricity. Only a small part of the sun reaches the battery, about 15%, actually generating electricity. Because the need for more solar cells to produce a lot of electricity, the higher the cost.
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6) DC and AC
Solar cells produce DC (dc) power. Therefore, when using a solar array for household power generation, the inverter uses direct current (dc) for AC (AC) power, since all electrical appliances in the home are normally used for AC power.

7) Solar technology
There are four different types of technology for solar panels;
1) single crystal - higher production costs, but also the sun into electricity the most effective. An average of 10-12%
2) Polycrystalline or polycrystalline - low cost of manufacture, but can not effectively convert sunlight to electricity. About 10-11%.
3) Ribbon - This is an exquisite version of polycrystalline production, low production costs, so it is cheaper, but at a lower cost to reduce efficiency. About 7-8% of this technology.
4) amorphous or thin film solar panels - silicon material evaporated and placed on glass or stainless steel. This production cost is cheaper, but they are less efficient than other technologies. About 5-7%. However, the technology has advantages in terms of flexible solar panels, thin film roof tiles or thin film solar panels.
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polycrystalline module

Monocrystalline module

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